الموقع بوست

The journey of death .. Yemenis reveal the details of the process of smuggling them from Aden to Libya

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الموقع بوست - Exclusive
الأحد, 22 أكتوبر, 2017 02:41 صباحاً

At least 100 Yemenis, mostly from Aden, chose to smuggle into Europe in hopes of quitting the suffering and crises that surrounded them in their country, where the war is entering its third year, amid a dramatic deterioration of living conditions and the economic collapse.During which the riyal witnessed a downward that had not been foreseen before and salaries are not paid monthly, thus this created a tragic situation.
The arrival of Europe through the smuggling routes was not a popular idea for the Yemenis in general and the youth of Aden in particular, but since the beginning of the year it has become a preferred route for dozens of young people. They choose to go into it without any prior thought of the consequences of this step. That is what "almawqea post" proved, During his contact with a group of young men who chose the smuggling route, where they were later sold as hostages, and entered the mazes did not get out of them easily.
Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the Middle East. The ongoing war between the Iranian-backed Shiite militias and the Arab-led coalition led by Saudi Arabia has contributed to high poverty and unemployment, driving dozens of people to seek other jobs in neighboring countries.
Al-Hassan as an example
Al-Hassan Walid, 20 years old, began the smuggling journey to Europe in early May. He left the temporary capital Aden at the time, to reach  Egypt and from there to Libya, where he lived through difficult moments. After five months of his journey,he believed that (Smuggling is the other side of death).
"I came out of Aden to Egypt in an official way, through the airport, accompanied by one of my friends, in order to enter Europe through smuggling from Egypt, to change our living situation and find a different life that is far from crisis.
"From Egypt, we were thinking of escaping to Europe via the Alexandria road. Our friends who preceded us and arrived in Europe told us about it," said Hassan, who holds a high school diploma from a high school in Aden.
We met there a soudani smuggler,he asked for 2000$ for each one then he told us to move to an area called Marsa Matrouh, where you will stay there for two days at another smuggler,named Sayeed, who will take you to the city of Marsa Matrouh. Europe via the Sea of ​​Alexandria, said Al-Hassan to "almawqea post".
For Marsa Matruh, it is an Egyptian tourist city characterized by its white sand that attracts millions of tourists, along with thousands of people who intend to move by sea to Europe, located to the northeast of Egypt, to the west of Alexandria by 298 km and to the east of the Libyan border by 217 km On the international coastal road.
"We were surprised after two days, the agreed period, the smuggler Sayeed and his men telling us come on, come on, whe asked where are we going ,the smuggler answered "to libya".
Al-Hassan added "We tried to escape from him, but we couldn't. His men aimed their guns on us. They did not hesitate to beat us with rifle butts. We did not want to enter Libya, smuggling from there is a danger, and our friends who have passed through Libya told us about the suffering and obstacles they experienced there.
He also said "We found no other choice but to walk in the desert, with gun nozzles pointing at our heads; they were terrifying moments and I did not know that it was just the beginning of a series of horrific scenes of death that remained with us throughout our journey.
Egyptian Libyan Desert
Al-Hassan says "We walked in the dry desert, where we saw death in its various colors. The amount of food and water we had was insufficient, one light meal a day and less than one liter of water per person, all we could afford to survive, And followed before where he issued a sigh. "Death almost killed us.
"We were a mix of Yemenis, Egyptians and Africans," he said. "Everyone dreamed of reaching Europe, which is the common factor among us all.
"We stayed in the desert for five days. It took us two days to reach the Libyan city of Tobruk. We crossed the Egyptian-Libyan border an then we continued walking in the desert areas until we reached Ajdabiya.

There was a new death station
"No one of us has died from our group" he said. "Many people died in that desert, starving and thirsty. Most of them were Africans. We received news from our friends who visited us later. Their journey amounted 20 death cases.
For Ajadabiya, it is a Libyan city located in  eastern Libya. It is divided into three main roads, including the Libyan coastal road.
Al-Hassan continued"When we arrived in Ajdabiya, we were placed in a place like a detainee. It was a narrow room inside one of the smugglers'
Dozens of people, there were no air fans or even large windows to let air in, and the toilets had only one bathroom for everyone.
"I did not see dirt in my life like that in the bathroom".
He pointed out that the smugglers searched them and stole their phones, except for a phone that they managed to hide. He pointed out that the smugglers had focused during their search of detainees on Yemenis in particular, where there was also a Yemeni family in the detainees' regiment.
"Even the drinking water was not available when we arrived in Ajdabiya. It took us five days to walk in the desert. We were thirsty and desperately in need of water. We were surprised by the smugglers telling us that the water was also paid.
"We did not have a single dollar, neither did I, nor even my friend Abdullah, and we were satisfied with the small amounts of water that were distributed equally to us along with one meal of small bread with little cheese. "He said.
It shows that the smugglers seized them and stipulated that they pay 4,000 Libyan dinars from each one (the Libyan dinar equals 1.36 per dollar) as a condition for release and completion of the journey.
"We called the Sudanese smuggler in Egypt, who we gave him $ 2000, but he had closed his phone, and we understood that he had set us up and stole our money. Then I got nervous and began to cry, amid the threats of the smugglers," he says. Who said, in a single letter, "We will not leave you until you pay."
"Twenty-one days are the duration of our stay in the prison of the smugglers in Ajdabiya, where we suffered various kinds of suffering . There is not enough water or even food, just one light meal and a little water, to keep us alive.
"I lost my body and was tired, along with the psychological fatigue I experienced. I suffered from severe watery diarrhea and developed into malnutrition. I lost a lot of weight. I realized that I was dead and that death was closer to me than ever. Beside this we were beaten badlly by the gaurds.
Al-Hassan said "We were able to communicate with one of our friends in Egypt,who came to Eygpt in order to go to Europe, but he did not come out of Egypt yet, and we told him about our reservation and that we need to eight thousand Libyan dinars to me and my friend Abdullah. The was paid to the smugglers, who I remember the name of their leader who was known as Wanis Al-Ureybi.
Similar station
He pointed out that after paying the money to the smugglers, they asked them where they wanted to get, Hassan and his friend Abdullah answered that they would return to Tripoli and then move them to another area, Bani Walid.
"We understood after our arrival in Bani Walid that we were sold by the smugglers in Ajdabiya, where the treatment was similar, there was no food or enough water, and they asked us 10,000 Libyan dinars, which equals $ 7303, as a condition for release and completion of the trip.
"My mother managed to provide me with $ 500, after she sold her gold jewelry, and the rest I could provide through our friends and neighbors in Aden.
"I have never experienced such a humiliation, I wish death and salvation from this torment that has come to me. We have been humiliated, it is not easy to reach the stage of asking large amounts of your friends, without being able to repay them later."
"We stayed in Bani Walid, a city in the north-west of Libya. It is about 180 kilometers from Tripoli in about 20 days, in an atmosphere full of hunger, suffering and suffering, and detention in a place that does not fit because it is inhabited by humans.
"After we were released, we moved to Sabratha, which is known as the sea store, where we were supposed to move from the sea three days after our arrival, but the smuggling through the sea stopped for security reasons imposed by the Coast Guard. We stayed there for about a month and a half , A Libyan smuggler known as Abu Abdullah, who is no different from his predecessors, but was relatively better in terms of dealing and living; recalling one of his positions with the smuggler Abu Abdullah, who slapped him on the face, just for a simple dispute.
"In those days, I was opening my cell phone and following the messages that were coming to me. Among those messages were the messages of NF, one of my friends on the social networking site Facebook. He asked me about my location and told me he lives in Tripoli. And my friend Abdullah to take us home, and that's what happened. The smuggler Abu Abdullah told us that we no longer wanted to migrate to Europe, which helped us get there.
He notes that for more than two months, he is stuck in Tripoli and wants to return to Yemen, with two of his companions.
He confirmed that he has recently begun to follow up the procedures for his return to Yemen, through communication with the Yemeni Embassy and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Al-Hassan ended his interview with "Almawqea Post" by inviting all Yemeni youth not to be dragged behind the mirage of illegal immigration. It is the other side of the death, and its success rate is basically small compared to the high death rate.
Unknown fate
Mohammed Abdulrahman, a 26-year-old university graduate who works as a taxi driver, has also decided to go into illegal immigration to Europe via Egypt.
According to his family, who spoke to "Almawqea Post" Mohammed Adeni left to Cairo on February 24 this year to stay in Egypt for a month before moving on his voyage from the Egyptian city of Matrouh to the coast of Italy.
His family adds that Coast Guard troops were deployed in the sea, so that the smugglers could mark the course of the boat and head toward the Libyan coast.
He recalled that he had been detained several times by smugglers in Libya and had not been released until after payment. He said that he had decided to return to Yemen and coordinated with government agencies, but he was arrested again in Benghazi to spend a month and a half in detention.
He pointed out that all of the above details were not mentioned by Mohammed with his family. One of his friends contacted him, explaining that his way of traveling was not done with the knowledge of his family. He left his house and was the first to call them when he arrived in Egyptian territory.
And called on the legitimate government represented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to follow up the file of Yemenis detained in Libyan prisons and coordinate with international organizations to ensure their safe return.
No statistics
There are no accurate statistics on the number of Yemenis held in Libyan prisons or even those abducted by armed gangs, as their numbers continue to increase, along with the number of those released, and try to continue the illegal smuggling, despite all the obstacles they have experienced, Sources confirm to Almawqea Post.
According to one of the young men from Aden, who managed to reach Germany via smuggling routes, "the reasons for the youth's approach to smuggling routes are different, economic and social, or those that carry the psychological dimension.
The young man, who declined to be named, said he had experienced deteriorating psychological conditions, which convinced him to act on the smuggling route. His father, who works in the security service, was assassinated in 2016.
He spoke about the presence of friends who had been held in Libya for several weeks and then released. The UNHCR offered assistance to repatriate them. The Libyan authorities transferred them to the organization after their release, but they refused any assistance that would bring them back to Yemen.
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